Augmented reality refers to the live, direct or indirect physical appearance of computer-generated sound, images, graphics, and GPS data in the environment and the real world. Thanks to augmented reality, it is now possible for us to interact with the information around us.
We have known the term robot for years, but what does it mean? We can simply define the robot concept as follows: An electro-mechanical device capable of performing pre-programmed tasks. Robots can work independently, both as controlled by an operator and through computer software. When we look at the areas where robots are used today most, we see that industrial production, especially the automotive industry, is at the forefront.
With the progress of technology at an incredible speed, our access to information and knowledge sharing speed also increase. Using technology this much, the amount of data we produce also grows incredibly. Such that; 90% of all data produced in the world’s history have been produced during the last two years! While the size of this data creates difficulties in processing, it also exposes us to false information. Big data helps us out at this point. Big data makes it possible to extract and store real and reliable information. We can define the big data concept as follows: meaningful and workable version of social media posts, blogs, photos, videos, log files and all other data collected from different sources.
CLOUD COMPUTING SYSTEM
Cloud computing is the common name given to information sharing services among electro-mechanical devices. With this capability, we can define cloud computing as a service, not as a product. Computer theorists argue that the future of the Internet is cloud computing; and state that the online clouds will replace the hard drives of computers in the future.
The computers we met with their first examples in the early 1950s are now so small that they fit into our pockets, and their use has also become very easy. The fact that physical machines became much smarter thanks to cyber technology gave rise to the concept of hybrid technology and thus cyber-physical systems. Cyber-physical systems are defined as systems in which basic principles of production processes such as observation, coordination and control are combined with computation and communication and are managed by hybrid technology.
INTERNET OF THINGS
People use the internet, so why not “things” use it, too? Things with digital network and internet, now can gain virtual identities. In this way, they can physically and socially communicate with their environment. This is called the Internet of Things. Things communicate with each other and manage their operations, using the internet to do so. What will the Internet of Things bring us?
- Production and production process management will become practical
- Supply chain will become smarter
- Energy use and infrastructure costs will reduce
- Revenue and profit level will increase
You may be wondering what a 3D printer actually is. A 3D printer can turn 3 dimensional CAD drawings (3D computer data) into real objects. Using different materials and methods, 3D printer technologies will change our lives from genetics to industry, medicine to urban planning, and from IT to food industry!
We may see in 3 dimensions; but there is another dimension that we cannot see with our eyes, which is the time! By integrating time into technology, 4D printers produce products that can automatically change its shape in time based on the environmental conditions. An example to a 4D printer innovation that will be in our lives is a flat metal part placed under water to automatically take the shape of a pipe. Imagine shoes turning into winter boots or sandals by detecting the difference between a rainy weather and sunny weather!
These days, we frequently hear the term simulation, but do we know what it means? Simulation, as often seen in science fiction, means imitation of real life. In industry, it can imitate the operation of a whole system. With Industry 4.0, simulation technologies become part of our world, enabling us to save time and resources in production.
Almost all physical work can now be done through machines and internet networks. Smart production concept is an output of the combination of advanced software technology and programmed machines. Smart factories with smart production can manage complex production processes quickly and smoothly. People, machines and resource materials interact with each other in smart factories.
In order to increase the functionality of the systems, many subsystems need to be integrated with each other. System integration allows combining multiple systems to work together as a single system. Today, while systems are being designed, they are developed so that they work alone, as well as integrate with other systems.